A Brief Note On The And Its Effects On The Body

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Section 1- Justifications
1. According to LeMone et al. (2014), hypovolemia is the ' 'decreased circulating blood volume ' '. the body will compensate by constricting blood vessels and raising heart rate, and if the volume is low enough, shunting blood to vital areas (the brain, the heart) from less vital areas (skin, muscles, digestive tract, even the kidneys.) according to Nolan, Pullinger, Bath, & Oxford ( 2014), hypovolemia can lead to hypovolemic shock; where a person can lose up to 20 percent of their blood or body fluid. Shock occurs when blood pressure is low to the point where blood does not perfuse the organs and stays low long enough that cells start to malfunction and die. Hypovolemic shock is a medical emergency.

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A doctor may prescribe a drug-thinning medication, such as dabigatran also known as Pradaxa and warfarin also known as Coumadin to help lower patients risk.
4. According to LeMone et al. (2014) hypertension is the excess pressure in the arterial area of the systemic circulation. hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It is a nurses responsibility to monitor and stabilise the patient 's Blood pressure as it is a major force for the blood to travel around the body. Without a stable blood pressure blood cannot deliver fresh blood with oxygen and nutrients systemically (high blood pressure research council of Australia, 2008). Hypertension leads to an increased risk of morbidities such as cardiovascular disease which can result to further complications such as heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure and blindness (Rafey, 2000) . An ideal and common blood pressure for a an adult is 120 over 80.
5. According to LeMone et al. (2014), chronic right hip pain is prolonged pain, usually lasting longer than 6 months affecting the right hip. According to Black (2014), Chronic right hip pain caused by osteoporosis is a chronic condition. Osteoporosis can results in pain, stiffness, joint deformity and fractures. Osteoarthritis can an individual 's ability to walk, work, and quality of life. Mild arthritis pain can be managed with ice or heat, rest, changing activity of daily living , medications, or
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