A Brief Note On The Chinese Civil War

1769 Words Aug 18th, 2015 8 Pages
This essay examines the Chinese Civil War between 1945–49, which resulted in the victory of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) over Chiang Kai-Shek and the Kuomintang (GMD) and the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. Many historians have attributed the victory of the communists to social, political and economic reasons how this ultimately won them war, however other reasons need to be taken into account when discussing the victory of the communists such as the transformation of its armed forces into a conventional army. With this in mind, however it was arguably the Japanese invasion that best explains to why the communists eventually won the war.
It could be argued that one of main reasons that the CCP eventually won the war was due to their increasing popularity for communist support. Under the guidance of Mao, the CCP focused their efforts on establishing themselves predominantly as a peasant-based party that the peasants were able to identify with. The CCP mainly gained support through two methods. The first was the introduction of land reform policies first implemented in areas controlled by the CCP. Land owned by landlords and rented out by rich peasants, was forcibly seized by village peasants associations. This confiscated land was then redistributed to middle and poor peasants. “Land taken should be returned or compensated. This is to absorb the middle peasants into the movement “ shows the CCP was conscious of the fact of gaining supports…

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