A Brief Note On The Defence Meteorological Satellite Program

2440 WordsAug 26, 201410 Pages
1.4 Literature Review 1.4.1 Locating and Quantifying Flaring Activities Although gas flaring has been a fundamental activity in the oil and gas industry since the discovery of oil, the exact magnitude of the problem both globally and regionally has been uncertain, reported data from governments and independent oil companies had its errors and limitations. In 2001, Elvidge et al. proposed that the Defence Meteorological satellite program (DMSP) Operational Linescan system’s (OLS) Night-time lights of the world data could be used identify burning flares and an algorithm developed from reported flare data and sum light index could be used to quantify flared gas volumes globally. In 2007, Elvidge et al. working with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) utilising findings from his previous work was able to publish a report on gas flaring trends over a period of 12 years (1995 – 2006) and in 2009 was able to produce annual estimates of national and global gas flaring over a 15-year period (1994 – 2008) utilising the work of Casadio et. Al who had developed new algorithms for hot spot detection using the Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) and also confirmed identified flares with other geo-locating data and satellites (Elvidge et al., 2009, Casadio et al., 2008). Casadio et. Al in 2009, furthered his work on utilizing the ATSR to create a world fire atlas, and in 2012 proposed that the ATSR instrument series could be used for remote sensing and monitoring
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