A Brief Note On The Early Modern Period

1523 Words Oct 13th, 2014 7 Pages
Pax Angeliene
Professor Daniel Johnson
History 162
12 October 2014
Midterm Essay
During the Early Modern Period, International trade routes reached from the Indian Ocean/Mediterranean Sea to the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean, and for the first time created a global exchange. Although Europe, Africa, Asia, Islamic Empires, and the Americas vary politically, socio-culturally, and economically, they all were forging new global economies and new biological and socio-cultural exchanges.
The Europeans wanted to expand their international reach, in order to: meet the demand for spices, find new sources of precious metal, find new trade routes, and spread Christianity. The impact of European conquest resulted with violence and disease, surviving natives then encountered new political, social, and economic organizations, imposed by Europeans. The exchange of goods and people between Europe and the New World brought diseases to the Americas; it also brought new crops, and eventually altered consumption patterns across the globe. The Spanish established the encomienda system, in which the conquerors had the right to employ Native Americans as laborers or to demand tribute from them in exchange for providing food and shelter, it was a legalized slavery. A large decline in the Native’s population was caused by diseases introduced by the Europeans, as well as being overworked. Forced labor diverted local people from tending to their own crops, leading to malnutrition, and reduced…
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