A Brief Note On The Geography Of Nepal

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Introduction In April 2015, the devastating Gorkha earthquake shook Nepal, killing thousands and injuring thousands more. Nepal’s location on the Indo-Eurasian fault line makes it a prime location for earthquakes, as well as resulting landslides and avalanches. Less than a month after the first quake, a 7.3 magnitude aftershock struck Nepal again and left the entire country in fear (Nepal earthquakes, 2015). Relief efforts quickly followed after the earthquakes, as well as the flight of thousands of Nepalis who fled the country out of fear that the earthquakes would never end. The Geography of Nepal Nepal is a small landlocked country that lays between China and India. It is roughly 800 km long and 200 km wide (Pyare, 2015). Despite being so small, the country is actually fairly diverse in its geography, ranging from low plains, to highland hills, and then to the famous and beautiful snow-covered Himalayan mountain range (Figure 1). Nepal sits on a fault line, divided in two by the Indian and Eurasian plates, and so the country often experiences devastating earthquakes and landslides as a result of plate movement (Figure 2). Avalanches in the Himalayan region are another cause for concern, especially after earthquakes such as the ones in April and May 2015 (Nepal earthquakes, 2015). Windy and cloudy conditions offer serve as a hindrance to helicopters attempting to fly in and out of the country, especially to reach the remote villages of the Himalayan range. Geologists
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