A Brief Note On The Republic Of Colombia

1590 Words Feb 21st, 2016 7 Pages
Final Informative Paper: Healthcare in Colombia Colombia, also known as the Republic of Colombia, is the fourth largest country in South America. It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea, the Pacific Ocean, Venezuela, Panama, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador. Colombia’s population is over 46 million people and consists of a large variety of ethnic groups. Over the past 40 years there has been a campaign to overthrow the Colombian government with an escalation in the 1990s. The violence continues today and is mainly influenced by guerilla warfare and the drug trade (Nations Online, 2016).
Not only has this violence displaced somewhere between 5 and 7 million people from their homes, but it has an enormous impact on communities including injury, forced displacement, and the closing of institutional services (UKTI, 2009). On top of that, the health situation in Colombia is generally a poor one. There is an aging population, a decline in the fertility rate, and most of the population contributed to rapid urbanization. The leading causes of death are diseases of the circulatory system, malignant cancers, and external causes. Communicable disease and epidemics also threaten public health (WHO, 2014).
Health System Reform In 1993 there was a health system reform in Colombia. This reform became a symbol of health in South America was regarded as an absolute success, although many disagree. The reform ruled that the health system become self-sustainable by the sale of services. Public…
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