A Child With Down Syndrome

1328 Words Nov 27th, 2016 6 Pages
Piaget believed that children went through stages of development at specific times. Child development is the biological and psychological changes that occur in human beings between birth and adolescence. Typical development refers to the milestones that a child reaches at a particular time during child development. Atypical development refers to not typical; not conforming to the type; irregular; abnormal: atypical behavior. Down syndrome is characterized as a chromosomal condition in which an individual possesses extra genetic material, specifically an extra complete or partial duplicate of chromosome 21 in some or all of an individual 's cells. During the developmental stages, a child with Down syndrome will experience developmental delays in the areas of motor development, cognitive development, language development, and social and emotional development. Down syndrome is identified at birth and is a common condition.
Characteristics of Down Syndrome Children with Down syndrome have physical characteristics that resemble a family member. A child with Down syndrome may have a face that is slightly broader with a flatter nasal bridge. The eyes may slant upward and appear to have a small fold of skin on the inner corners called epicanthal folds. The mouth may be small which may cause the tongue to appear large and protrude due to poor muscle tone. The ears are small and their hands and feet are smaller. The palms of the hands might have a single crease across it called…
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