A Christmas Carol

854 Words Nov 8th, 2013 4 Pages
A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens.
In this extract we are presented with Scrooge. From the beginning Scrooge is presented as a miser. In the extract we find out that he is an old, rude and ignorant man that doesn’t appreciate others around him. Dickens uses different language techniques to describe Scrooges appearance as clear as possible.
In the opening paragraph Dickens uses imagery to create a vivid impression of Scrooge. He is described as ‘a tight-fisted hand at the grind-stone’, and this metaphor suggests that Scrooge works hard for his money but is very tight with his money. In the opening lines Dickens includes similes. ‘Hard and sharp as a flint.’ Flint is a hard stone that was used with iron to create sparks before people
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Dickens has used verbs used as adjectives when describing Scrooge such as ‘stiffened his gait’. The effect of these words makes the reader focus on it more and because it’s a long list the reader gets a clear definition of what Scrooge looks like. The adjectives that Dickens uses aren’t describing him as being a nice person, from these adjectives you can tell that he is an old and miserable character.
Dickens focuses on temperature, when doing this he emphasises how cold hearted Scrooge really is. ‘No warmth could warm, no wintry weather could cool him.’ This shows the reader that Scrooge is as cold as he could ever be and nothing can change him. Dickens also uses a pathetic fallacy, he uses the weather to describe Scrooges character. ‘The heaviest rain, and snow, and hail, and sleet, could boast of the advantage over him in only one respect.’ Dickens uses the harshest weather to describe him, showing the reader how horrible of a man Scrooge is, using a pathetic fallacy clearly shows the reader how important Scrooges personality is throughout the book.
From this extract the reader knows that Scrooge is a negative character. Straight away we know that he has a negative impact on others. ‘Nobody ever stopped him in the street to say, with gladsome looks, “My dear Scrooge, how are you?”’ This dialogue never actually happened, this shows that the other characters in the book are too afraid to acknowledge