Essay on A Christmas Carol as Allegory

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'A Christmas Carol' as Allegory

The novel 'A Christmas Carol' by Charles Dickens can be represented in different ways. It can be represented as a simple story with a moral, where a man named Scrooge is visited by four ghosts who give him a chance to mend his ways. However Dickens also gives the novel a more profound meaning by using symblosim and so it can be represented as an allegory. The four ghosts are repeated symbols that give structure to the novel.
The book is divided into chapters that end after each ghost has left
Scrooge. This is due to each ghost giving a different atmosphere in the novel. The four ghosts that come to visit Scrooge are: Marley, the ghost of Christmas past, the ghost of Christmas present and the
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This ghost is a cross between a child and a small old man. It is partly the form of a child to emphesise Scrooge as a child; innocent, but also it symbolises hope for Scrooge to change. It also has features of an old man to show that time has gone by but also to show how the past experiences make us wiser. The ghost wore a white tunic to represent purity and innocence. It held a green holly and it's dress was trimmed with summery flowers to show the past exists in all the seasons. 'From the crown of its head there sprung a bright clear jet of light', this light represents the ghost's knowledge and symbolises how it tries to enlighten Scrooge. However the ghost is carrying an extinguisher under its arm which it wears for a cap. As Scrooge never thinks about his past as he wishes to forget it, for many years the ghost was forced to wear the cap and remain hidden. The cap also represents Scrooge's stubborness to not allow people to help him, as the light represents enlightenment and he does not wish to have it. The ghost of Christmas past gives an atmosphere of peace, innocence and wisdom.

The ghost that follows the next night is the ghost of Christmas present. This ghost represents the Christmas spirit. Similar to Santa
Claus he is in the form of a giant man. It wears a simple baggy green robe/mantle, bordered with white fur and on it's head a holly wreath with shining

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