A Clean Up Project By Keep America Beautiful Campaign

1193 WordsMay 3, 20175 Pages
In a clean up project by Keep America Beautiful Campaign 25-50% of all trash picked up was comprised of cigarette butts on roadways and streets. Approximately 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as litter worldwide per year (Novotny, et al). In 2009, an estimated 51.2 billion pieces of litter were recovered from roadways in the U.S., 38% of it being tobacco products (Rath, et al). Cigarette butts, which are made of cellulose acetate, is photodegradable but not biodegradable meaning that the sun will break the filter down but it will never disappear until it dilutes in the water or soil which can be toxic (Novotny, et al). Butts can take approximately 18 months to 10 years to degrade depending on the environment it is in ("Are Cigarette…show more content…
A study done by the Berkeley lab team, found that the total integrated harm rises sharply in the first five hours after a cigarette has been smoked, and continues to rise for another five hours, and doesn’t start to level off until after 10 hours. Another study done by Hugo Destaillats called “Inhalable Constituents of Thirdhand Tobacco Smoke: Chemical Characterization and Health Impact Considerations,” stated that,“Many smokers know secondhand smoke is harmful, so they don’t smoke when their kids are present. But if, for example, they stop smoking at 2 p.m. and the kids come home at 4 p.m., our work shows that up to 60 percent of the harm from inhaling thirdhand smoke remains” (Chao). Dr. Manuela Martins-Green, a professor of cell biology at University of California-Riverside, found in a recent study that cigarette smoke toxins left on surfaces can affect asthma, liver functions, wound healing and attentiveness. In this study she placed mice in a normally ventilated habitat containing curtains and an upholstery that had been exposed to cigarette smoke to mimic human exposure to thirdhand smoke. After six months, researchers examined the mice and compared them to a control sample to determine if any ill health effects could be seen. “What we saw is that even with these small types of exposure, the lung already had a lot of inflammation and a lot of collagen deposition, which means fibrosis,” she said. “Fibrosis destroys

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