A Closer Look At The Period Between 1930 And 1941

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By the mid-1930s Reza Shah 's dictatorial style of rule caused dissatisfaction in Iran, particularly among religious and intellectual elites. Contradictory to strong will of modernization, Reza shah believed in monophony. A closer look at the period between 1930 and 1941 furthermore reveals a concentration of important changes around the mid 1930s: The political climate became more restrictive, as reflected in the decree against collectivist ideas in 1931 or the Gowhar Shad incident in 1935; the ruling oligarchy was exchanged, exemplified in Teymurtash’s dismissal in 1932 and the increasingly important role of the police (shahrbani) in controlling the public sphere; also, the state’s general attitude became more and more xenophobic. These trends and events had an equally strong impact on cultural life. Cultural mobility was not wanted in all aspects, he wanted to control it but he did not know that culture flow is not controllable even a dictator can not do that. Therefore:censorship. Due to strict censorship of politically criticism, many plays were prohibited. Satire was not tolerated, unless it was aimed at the backward previous Qajar dynasty, and because each play had to be cleared by censors, drama found an outlet in the writing and performance at patriotic and historical dramas eulogizing the glories of the past. Because of bawdy and often political nature of performances, in 1930 Reza Shah Pahlavi Censorship officers began demanding to see texts of the plays in

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