A Comparative Analysis of the Psychoanalytic Theories of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Alders

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Introduction Human beings portray diverse personalities. The underlying factors determine the human behavior and the dynamism of human personality. Some of the personality traits deeply exist in the unconscious mind. They get revealed in a number of ways which includes slip of the tongue and dreams. The aim of this study is to compare and contrast the similarities and the differences in the three theories that derived by Sigmund Freund, Carl Jung and Alfred Alders. The study will look at my personal opinion on the characteristics of the theory. An examination on the stages of Freud's theory will help to dissect personal characteristics (Burger, 2011). The use of real life examples will help to determine the Freudian defense mechanism theory. The similarities and the differences on psychoanalysis theories Sigmund Freund outlined childhood events as a major contributory factor of the unconscious mind. He believed that sexual instincts influence the unconscious mind. His theory defined three elements namely Id, Ego, and Superego as the major determinants of human behavior (Burger, 2011). The Id is the element behind basic drives and needs, which includes hunger, thirst and sexual drive. This element seeks to satisfy the human pleasure and is known to work hand in hand with the pleasure principle. The reality principle works on the ego element. It is derived by the Id for it seeks to accomplish the needs for Id in a realist way. The ego aids in differentiating between what

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