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A Comparison Of Emile Durkheim And Robert Merton

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Sociology came into existence in the nineteenth century, a fairly new principle than other social sciences. Auguste Comte, a French philosopher, used the term sociology to study society in an approach different from other fields, and that it can be studied systematically. Its main focus is to study social structures by analyzing, evaluating, and critiquing the social aspects of society (Dillon 2014:12-13; 17). Classical sociological theories were mainly referring to works of Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and some other more. The works of these classical sociological theorists gave ideas and inspirations to the modern and post-modern theorists in different parts of the world. One sociological theory is structural functionalism, a macro-level analysis. Emile Durkheim and Robert Merton are both functional theorists, classical and contemporary respectively. Being both functionalists, similarities can be observed in the theories that they have developed such as using the concept of anomie, a condition where there is absence of norms; there are some differences in their use. Additionally, Merton criticized most beliefs that classical structural functionalism had established. Emile Durkheim is one of the most prominent structural functionalists. Durkheim was born in 1858 in France, after the French and Industrial Revolution. Coming from a family of rabbis, he was supposed to become one (Carls n.d:n.p). However, he was not satisfied with
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