A Comparison of Stress and Coping Styles in Men and Women Essay

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It is a fact that men and women differ in many ways. Various researchers have pondered, and tried to determine the differences that may exist in coping styles and levels of stress in men and women. Despite the many studies that have been done on the relationship between stress and health, the nature of this has not yet been clearly established (Matud, 2004). Coping has been defined as the constantly changing cognitive and behavioural efforts to manage specific external and/or internal demands that have been evaluated as taking up, or exceeding the resources of the person (Lazarus and Folkman, n.d. as cited in Matud, 2004). The term stress has been defined in various ways as many factors contribute to the…show more content…
Whilst most men use the reflection, (enjoying analysing the self),each leading to opposite consequences. In both attention is still the self, but one is motivated by fear and self-doubts, and the other by genuine interest in the self. Rumination tends to lead to sadness, anxiety, fear and distress, whilst reflection leads to enhanced self-knowledge and feeling intrigued by ones self. Stress and Coping Methods in Men and Women 2 By gathering and analysing this data we have begun to understand the causes of stress related to both genders and use positive coping methods eg; focusing on the stress as a problem to be solved and working towards a solution step by step, rather than negative coping methods such as substance abuse and/or other activities to distract ones self from facing the problem. Coping in research on adults, is most commonly defined as either problem or emotion focused (Suldo, 2008). No single theoretical explanation has emerged as to why there are differences in coping styles in relation to gender. It is known that women experience depression more often than men, whether depression is indexed by levels of depressive symptoms or by diagnosed unipolar depressive disorders ( Kessles, McGonagle, Swartz, Blazer and Nelson 1993; Nolen -
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