sent or kept away from their own country, village, etc.” defines the Cambridge dictionary. At the time of the Odyssey from Homer, or lately, of the composition of the “Seafarer”, poem contained in “The Exeter book”, the definition had not been written yet, but the feeling was strongly perceived, indeed. All the values that the Seafarer present are representing for a whole Anglo-Saxon tradition. Most of the literature between 449 and 1066, that is by unknown authors, reports the same values and believes
BIBLIOGRAPHY: - Beowulf - fragments as in the semester I syllabus / Kermode's The Oxford Anthology of English Literature - The Seafarer / Helsztynski's Specimens of English Poetry and Prose - The Wanderer / Kermode's The Oxford Anthology of English Literature - The Dream of The Rood / Kermode's The Oxford Anthology of English
Anticipation of catastrophe, doom, gloom are present in Beowulf rom beginning to end, even in the better half of the poem, Part I. Perhaps this is part of what makes it an elegy – the repeated injection of sorrow and lamentation into every episode. In his essay, “The Pessimism of Many Germanic Stories,” A. Kent Hieatt says of the poem Beowulf: The ethical life of the poem, then, depends upon the propositions that evil. . . that is part of this life is too much for the preeminent man. . .
While the poetry that has survived is limited in volume, it is wide in breadth. Beowulf is the only heroic epic to have survived in its entirety, but fragments of others such as Waldere and the Finnesburg Fragment show that it was not unique in its time. Other genres include much religious verse, from devotional works to biblical paraphrase; elegies such as The Wanderer, The Seafarer, and The Ruin (often taken to be a description of the ruins of Bath); and numerous proverbs, riddles