The metaparadigm of nursing consists of four parts comprised by Jacqueline Fawcett, in 1984, in her seminal work (Alligood, 2014). The metaparadigm she developed served to provide direction and guidance for the nursing framework already in use and became an organization tool for theories already in use (Alligood, 2014). The four parts being person, health, environment, and nursing. The four components of the metaparadigm concept of nursing is important to nursing theory because they are the key areas of focus of patient care, and the metaparadigm is designed to differentiate nursing from other specialties (Alligood, 2014). It is this use of theories that makes nursing a profession and guides professional nursing practice, research, and education (Alligood, 2014).
In this paper, I am going to discuss past and present nursing concepts, and how these theories have evolved. The initial paper by J. Fawcett (1984) describes the fundamental concepts of nursing including person, environment, health and nursing, (Fawcett, 1984 p.84) The author further describes ideas that are discussed and compared by various nursing scholars and how they are related to one another. In the second paper by Newman, Smith, et al, (2008) they explore the current theories and how more advanced these are, and where the studies are in their scholarly journey. The authors describe the “history of nursing epistemology” (Newman, et all 2008) and the phases that have been part of its journey of development. The initial article is very limited, and focuses particularly on nursing systems. It does not allow for expansion and growth for nursing theory. Dr. Fawcett does, however, establish the basis for nursing theory and organizes the process through her four basic areas of concepts (Brodie, 1984). The latter article envelops the growth and development of nursing theory towards “Unitary-transformative (UT) paradigm” (Newman et al, 2008). The concepts evolve and establish the process of holistic thinking, and viewing the person as a whole in your assessment. I will also include personal reflection from my own nursing practice and how these concepts
Virginia Henderson, one of many nursing theorists, is the one who has defined nursing as “the unique function to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of contributing to health and recovery or to peaceful death with having the necessary strength, will, and knowledge” (Eichelberger & Sitzman, 2011, p. 35). Virginia Henderson applied skills to help the individual gain knowledge as quickly as possible (Eichelberger & Sitzman, 2011, p. 35). Henderson was able to express her views in order to explain the importance of following a patient's chart and the plan of care for the patient’s overall health. Henderson defined fourteen components of basic needs for nursing care, that I one day hope to provide to my own patient. I am
Through the ages nursing has changed dramatically and has become one of the most important roles in the medical community. What makes nursing so unique is that it is much more than just giving shots and taking blood pressures, it’s also giving your time and your heart to complete strangers. There is a certain spirit in nursing that allows these nurses to work long hard hours to provide service to these patients. When people are admitted to hospitals it is often the nurse that they connect with and will remember when looking back on their experiences. Although many people are very familiar with modern day nursing, most people do not know all the obstacles nurses overcame in the past. What nurses, like Florence Nightingale, accomplished
Theory can be defined as the explanation of an event in which constructs and concepts are identified, relationships are proposed and predictions are made; it is a set of interpretative assumptions, principals or propositions that help explain or guide action. (McEwen & Wills, 2014, p521) Concepts occur in three steps; originating as a thought which are abstract or concrete in nature, progressing to a stage in which words and meaning are given to the concept, and lastly it is operationalized becoming a variable to be used tested during research. (McEwen & Wills, 2014, p50) According to McEwen, & Wills, (2014), a concept analysis identifies, clarifies and explores the meaning of concepts in order to promote understanding which aids in the development of conceptual frameworks, theories and research studies. (p55) Concepts relative to nursing include quality of life, blood pressure, hope, job satisfaction and pain.
Three Specific Ways, In Which the Nursing Conceptual Model of, Martha Rogers can be used to Improve Nursing Practice.
Imogene King was born in 1921in Iowa. Growing up, she dreamed of being a teacher but began nursing school to escape her small town life. She graduated with a diploma in nursing in 1945, then three years later earned a Bachelor of Science in Nursing Education and worked as medical-surgical instructor and an assistant director at St. John’s School of Nursing until 1958, fulfilling her lifelong dream of being a teacher wither nursing career. She went on to earn a Master of Science in Nursing in 1957 and a doctorate in education in 1961 (Imogene King, 2011). King then became an associate professor at Loyola University in Chicago and formed a master’s degree program that was based on her nursing concepts, which later became the framework for her theory.
A nursing philosophy is the thoughts and beliefs about the job of a nurse based on one’s values. My values that have formed over the years have influenced me to purse a forever career as a nurse. I grew up in a small town Smithfield, Pennsylvania with my parents and younger brother. My community consisted of close relationships between the residents. Every one helped and cared for one another when needed. The practices of my community guided me to want to become a nurse. I want to continue to care for my community and give back to them by treating their illnesses and providing them with better health care. I am particularly interested in caring for pediatric patients. My goal is to try to provide every infant a chance to live their beautiful life created for them by God. While doing this, the primary focus of being a nurse will be to accommodate my patients and allow them to become a healthy person again.
A worldview is not determined simply by a single factor, value, belief or view. It can be described as a collection of beliefs a person has about his or her life and the world around. This worldview can include aspects such as a consistent decision making process, an idea of what is right or wrong, and also who or what authority do I respect and follow. This view can modified constantly by factors including experiences that a person might face, a changing environment, and different values. There are many different types of worldviews and perspectives people have about the world that help to shape who
Theories or conceptual frameworks are a group of abstract ideas composed to explain some phenomena in nursing. It is difficult to reference any other theorist without giving recognition to Florence Nightingale, who introduced a paradigm shift the in the profession of nursing. In short, her Environmental Theory proposed that patients need a clean environment along with other simple actions to promote healing. Nightingale’s intellect was revolutionary; her framework and others alike are the foundation of the nursing profession and were developed to guide nursing practice today. Like Florence Nightingale; Imogene King, also a nursing theorist, helped shape standards in nursing education and practice. The
One nursing theory that has influenced my values and goals as a nurse is Jean Watsons Theory of human caring: Transpersonal Caring as the Fulcrum. Watson believed every person needs an interconnection with others and caring promotes this need. Through caring, a nurse can help the patient have balance and harmony of mind, body, and soul (Cherry & Jacob, 2014).
Theory is a cluster of concept or ideas that propose a view concerning a phenomenon to guide nursing practice (Chitty, 2005). The four concepts basic to nursing that are incorporated in this paper are nursing, person, health, and environment (Cherry & Jacob, 2005). The goal of this paper is to describe the core concept of nursing shared amongst Dorothea Orem and Virginia Henderson’s theories. The comparison and analysis of concept definitions between these two theories will also examined. Finally Henderson’s theory of concept statement, metaparadigm and her philosophy will be explored.
The Nursing Practice has come a very long way from what is use to be. Nursing was an unwanted profession, difficult and challenging in many ways. It was thanks to the dedication, great effort and sacrifice of many determined nurses that paved the way for contemporary nursing. Dating back to around middle of the first century Christians use to care and tend the sick, serving as one of the first nurses that history can account. When the small pox epidemic occurred in around 165 to 185 AD, these Christians served as nurses. Now, we can imagine how hard it would have been to be a nurse in those days. The conditions were deplorable, with barely any hygiene. There were harsh conditions to work as nurse, and viruses like the measles outbreak in
The nursing profession is one of many portrayed by the media. In its simplest form media is how information is shared and stored. Media covers a wide range of services, advertisements, brochures, pamphlets, TV shows, films, novels, and magazines, digital, electronic, it goes on and on. Media is more accessible these days; the internet and wireless technology makes it easy for many people to access information on a wide scale. As information is shared by the media the public creates an image. This image may be right or it can be wrong, it all depends on the media’s accuracy. Nurses have been depicted in many forms over the years. These depictions can influence the public’s opinion of the profession as well as the likelihood that the profession will be considered for future students. Nurses need to take a more active role in how the profession is portrayed by the media, they need to work together to portray the profession in its best light in order to recruit and retain nurses.