A Control Theory Of Delinquency

1378 Words6 Pages
In his famous book, “A control theory of delinquency”, Hirschi (1969) proposed the Social Bond theory, which assumes that all people would naturally commit crimes if it wasn 't for restraints on the selfish tendencies that exist in every individual. Similar to some religions’ claim, this theory also assumes all individuals are born with a tendency toward inherent drives and selfishness. Therefore, something that could keep people away from committing the crime or delinquency was needed, and this thing should be social bonds, according to Hirschi. As he wrote in his book, “a person is free to commit delinquent acts because his ties to the conventional order have somehow been broken (1969:3).”
Unlike the pioneer of this route, Walter
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Therefore, ideally, the bond of attachment should be stronger for this kid when compared with others who did not have a part-time job. As a consequence, he/she should be less likely involved in the crime.
Commitment referred to the investment an individual has in social activities and conventional life (Hirschi, 1969). Since there is an association between level of commitment and propensity for deviance, an individual who invests time, energy, and resources into conforming to social norms and expectations are less likely to deviate than someone who did not (Alston et al. 1995). Because of the part-time job and perceived income, this kid would have more to lose if he/she did something wrong, i.e. committing any crime or delinquency. The dismissal from the job would not only influence his/her reputation in the local community, but may also had long-term influences on his/her applications to the college and other jobs. As a consequence, this kid would be less likely involved in the crime.
Involvement referred to one’s attention and concentration. Hirschi postulated that large amounts of structured time spent in socially approved activities reduces the time available for crime/delinquency (Hirschi, 1969; Alston et al.
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