A Critical Analysis Of Sustainable Development Strategies

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A Critical Analysis of Sustainable Development Strategies in Morocco Introduction Morocco is a developing country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. The Moroccan economy is predominantly reliant in agriculture, however in recent times the country has been forced to expand and diversify this due to environmental pressures (African Development Bank 2012). These pressures have been caused by a variety of factors including increased population growth and a heavy reliance on fossil fuels for energy (Kousksou et al 2015). In order to address these issues the Moroccan Government has implemented a number of strategies focused on sustainable development. Throughout this piece I will discuss the environmental issues being faced by…show more content…
Population growth has also been highlighted as a major contributor to the environmental degradation occurring in Morocco. A combination of all these pressures has led to the diminishment of Morocco 's already scarce natural resources (Tarradell 2004). Sustainable Development in Morocco Morocco has implemented several sustainable development strategies in an attempt to alleviate the environmental, social and economic issues the country is facing. Initially, Morocco contributed to the fight against climate change by signing the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) during the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992, which was then ratified in December 1995 (Kousksou et al 2015). In addition to the Morocco hosted the Seventh session of the Conference of the Parties (COP-7) in 2001, submitting its first National Communication on Climate Change (Kousksou et al 2015). In order to achieve sustainable development Morocco has adopted a strategic framework that focuses on the implementation of extensive reforms and policies centred on significant infrastructure projects (African Development Bank 2012). Highlighted in the country 's strategy paper were the main aims of strengthening governance and social inclusion, modernisation of the financial sector and human capital development. Furthermore there was a call for support of development of 'green '
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