A Critical Comparison Of Pneumonia

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A critical comparison of pneumonia preventions taken to reduce child mortality rates in China and Brazil Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection. It affects the alveoli sacs in the lungs, by filling them with pus instead of air (World Health Organization 2015). This infection can be transmitted in different ways, as it is spread in the form of specific viruses, bacterium or fungi; any sort of human contact with these could transmit the infection. Pneumonia accounts for 15% of all child mortalities under the age of 5 around the globe (World Health Organization 2015). Although there is no definite cure found yet, there are different prevention methods that are now available. The countries of interest in this report are China and Brazil as they are the current developing countries that still have high traces of pneumonia related child mortalities. The contrast of this essay will be the type of preventions that are undertaken and what restricts them from being followed through. Pneumonia is known as the “single greatest cause of death due to infection in children worldwide” (Mcculloch and Patel 2016, pg.1). This infection targets infants and children, due to their weak immune systems, as they are not full developed yet (Unicef and World Health Organization 2006, pg. 7). The most vulnerable children to the disease are either undernourished or already suffering from a prior illness. The symptoms of pneumonia vary, if caused by bacteria then the child will show signs of a
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