A Critical Evaluation Of The Universal Nature Of Human Rights

1329 Words Dec 2nd, 2015 6 Pages
A CRITICAL EVALUATION OF THE UNIVERSAL NATURE OF HUMAN RIGHTS

INTRODUCTION

Human Rights are the rights, that are considered to be inalienable, inseparable and vested upon individual by virtue of being human. For example, the Oxford English Dictionary defined the universal nature of Human Rights as ‘a right which is believed to belong to every person’.

The aim of this essay is to critically evaluate the universal and relative nature of human rights postulated by the eminent scholars, who have argued on both the sides to arrive at a conclusion, whether the rights stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human rights are universal, relative or both. The idea behind this essay is to neutralize the interest of both the scholars.

CONCEPT OF UNIVERSALITY

The notion of universality of human rights is considered to play a significant role, as human rights are held ‘universally’ by all human beings. According to Jack Donnelly, ‘human rights are inviolable rights and are backed by world powers in international society’. Donnelly defends conceptual universality by stating that human rights are equal and inalienable by its definition, despite of the fact that there is no such evidence which shows that conceptual universality really exits. However, According to Goodhart, the question of ‘substantial universality’ of the rights mentioned in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights remains to be a major concern. Whereas, Goodhart shares his opinion by expressing that, ‘human…

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