A Critical Examination Of The Factors Behind The Resilience Of Human Trafficking

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A Critical Examination of the Factors behind the Resilience of Human Trafficking in the World Today

This study set-out to examine the factors behind the resilience of human trafficking in the world today; with specific reference to the experience of the United States. The study was informed by the key assumption that the US cannot fight human trafficking human trafficking in isolation of the rest of the world, and that there is a need to for governments, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to work together towards addressing the vice. Many international legal instruments have been out in place to address the vice but factors such as profitability, incapacity of many states to police the vice and worldwide
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Nonetheless, the 19th century brought with it many changes that challenged some of these older practices and increasingly criminalizing them. The Anti-Slavery Act in the United Kingdom in the 1830s; the Emancipation of Slaves in the United States in the 1860s; and the campaign against the Slave Trade in parts of Africa by the in-coming colonial powers in the late 1800s- all introduced phenomenal changes in as far as these old practices were concerned and began to put an end to the ‘older forms’ or classical setting (so to say) of what is today known as human trafficking’ (Louise, 2010).
Further, the many important phenomenal changes came with the 20th Century. The International Labour Organization Convention (also known as the ILO Convention) of 1919 did handle the questions of forced labor, servitude and under-age work among other areas. In similar fashion, the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) as well as the Convention Against Torture and All Forms of Inhumane and Degrading Punishment (CAT of 1984) is yet another instrument that in one way or another (at least indirectly) touched on the issue of human trafficking as it is known today. Nonetheless it was only
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