A Critical Review Of A Journal Paper

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A Critical Review of a Journal Paper Introduction Cerebral palsy is a group of disorders that permanently affects an individual’s ability to move such as body movement, muscle control and contraction, this can be caused by a combination of abnormal development or damage to parts of the brain that control movement, balance and posture. (2) Cerebral palsy is the most common movement disorder in children and premature birth is one of the many risk factors associated with the condition. This critical review examines an article that links Magnesium sulfate in lowering the chances of diagnosing cerebral palsy in infants. (1) The article, “A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Magnesium Sulfate for the Prevention of Cerebral palsy” is written by…show more content…
With this being said the risk of stillbirth or infant death was slightly higher in the magnesium sulfate group when compared to the placebo group. Cerebral palsy was diagnosed in 41 children from 40 of 942 pregnancies in the magnesium sulfate group and in 74 children from 73 of 1002 pregnancies in the placebo group. The percentages of mild, moderate or severe cerebral palsy in the magnesium sulfate group were 2.2%, 1.5%, and 0.5% respectively and 3.7%, 2.0% and 1.6% respectively in the placebo group. Critique The study is relevant to researchers as cerebral palsy is the leading physical disability condition in childhood and globally approximately 17 million people are suffering from the condition. (2) Researchers believe that fetal exposure to magnesium sulfate before preterm birth can reduce the risk of cerebral palsy, if so this can aid medical doctors in preventing the condition as evidence is lacking for effective interventions targeted toward participation, environment, or personal factors. (1) This study does not add anything new towards the condition of cerebral palsy, as the author knew that by administrating magnesium sulfate to mothers will decrease the likelihood of cerebral palsy being diagnosed within an infant that was born pre-maturely. This knowledge is known with previous randomized, placebo-controlled trials of magnesium
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