A Cross Spice Viral Transmission Of Simian Immunodeficiency Viruses

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As early as 1930, a cross-spices viral transmission of simian immunodeficiency viruses took hold between African primates and the native people. Subsequently, this crossover underwent mutations and adapted to the human host, resulting in an undetected, yet devastating retrovirus that slowly spread among the African people (Sharp & Hahn, 2011). By 1960, and still undetected the virus escaped Africa’s borders and made entry to other parts of the world, first Hatti followed by the United States (Hildreth & Alcendor, 2009). Consequently, by 1980 this undetected virus reared its ugly head while leaving a global path of destruction by infecting “between 100,000 and 300,000 people” (AVERT, 2016, para. 2) while claiming the lives of countless others. The first signs of trouble surfaced when in 1981, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) on five cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) among five otherwise healthy gay men in Los Angeles (CDC, 2001). Subsequently, this report gained the attention of the medical field and in response, they began the arduous task of connecting the dots. By years’ end, the case numbers involving gay men climbed to 270 of which 121 of them had died (AVERT, 2016). In a possible rush to identify this disease, scientists developed a hypothesis suggesting a link between gay men, blood pathogens, and sexual intercourse, whereby it received the title of gay-related immune deficiency

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