A Day Of Infamy Or Deceit?

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A Day of Infamy or Deceit?
An Examination of the Events Leading to the Attack on Pearl Harbor

By: Josh Fender
Submitted To: Professor Daniel Gore
HIS 121-101
May 11, 2015 The morning of December 7, 1941 was a day like another for the majority of Americans, but that day changed the course of American history with the surprise attacks on the United States naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. How much of a surprise was that attack, however? When President Franklin Roosevelt’s spoke to Congress on December 8th, he said “[t]he United States was at the moment at peace with that nation [the Japanese Empire] and was still in conversation with its Government and its Emperor looking toward the maintenance of the peace in the Pacific.”1 Almost immediately after the news of the bombing became public, a large number of conspiracy theorist began speculating that the attack on Pearl Harbor was not as much of a surprise as the American people were lead to believe. They claim the attack was triggered by President Roosevelt intentionally provoking Japan with a long series of actions into a situation where they felt like they had no other choice but to attack the United States. All of these events took place long before the actual attack on Pearl Harbor and ultimately shaped the fate of the United States and the world. In this paper, I will employ various sources such as memorandums and correspondence between some of President Roosevelt’s closest advisors and detailed
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