A Decent Job At Separating Religion From Morality

Decent Essays
Although some may say religion relates to morals, apparently the philosophers we have covered thus far do not believe such a thing. For religious people, morality may be pushed by religion in their regards to the fear of the consequences god will bring if one disobeys his laws. Although this can be related to consequentialism, it is not the same kind of consequentialism Mills and Bentham use. Morals can be dependent of an individual’s preferences depending on the individual’s motives behind their actions. If one is religiously motivated to be moral, and fears the consequences if they are not moral, then they are not going off of their individual preferences. Those who decide what they want to do based off of their own pleasures, make…show more content…
Although they separate religion from morality, Bentham and Mill do a poor job explaining how moral requirements are independent of our interests and preferences. A hedonist believes that pleasure and happiness are the most important outcomes out of any activity. As we talked about in class, Bentham is a hedonist and pushes for actions that bring the most pleasure and diminish pain. People in his view should do whatever it may be that brings them the most pleasure, which is acting within ones on self interests. Mill essentially believes the same thing, but with slight differences. Regardless people should be selfish their actions in order to increase pleasure and happiness of not only themselves, but also their community. Immanuel Kant has a different perspective from the others mentioned. He does a decent job at showing how morality is not dependent on religion. When morals are dependent of religion, one will act based on consequentialism. If your action is morally incorrect your consequences from that action will result in punishment from god (possibly damnation) and vice versa. Kant’s general idea is that morality is not simply about creating the best consequences. He believes in principle of law, which means no religion or deity is involved in decision making. Laws are the source of morality in this theory. He also believes laws are universal and you should act in accordance of laws because of a moral obligation to
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