A Discussion On The Historiographies Of The Chinese Working Class

Decent Essays

A Discussion on the Historiographies of the Chinese Working Class The Chinese Revolution featured peasants instead of workers as the major constituents in organizing and initiating political movements. This points out a crucial divergence of China’s communist revolution from its Russian or other Western counterparts where the revolution was waged by urban workers, resulting from the tension between the proletariat and the bourgeois emerging from the capitalist development. In China, however, only the ideological dimension of such revolution stood; while workers, peasants, and soldiers were moved to the top of the class, in practice, the significance and function of workers in relation to the revolution, before or after, was put on a question mark. Different generations of scholars have addressed this issue. This report therefore examines the question with the role of the worker in Chinese Revolution addressed in the assigned articles of this week, focusing on the discussions by Joe C. Huang, Elizabeth Perry, and Andrew Walder, on the dis/continuity of Chinese working class in pre- and post-1949 eras. Notwithstanding from different aspects, the three authors all address the following questions: What was the relationship between workers, the Communist Party, and the revolution? And what was the dis/continuity of the structure and nature of the working class in pre- and post-1949 China? Walder and Perry have different ideas in terms of the dis/continuity of the

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