A Disease of Concern for Females - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

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As females we are taught to maintain a healthy body by eating the right foods, exercising and scheduling regular checkups with the doctor. However, there are several diseases that affect the human female body. Pelvic inflammatory disease is one of many diseases that affect the female reproductive system, and it is a disease women should be concerned with. Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infectious disease that invades the female reproductive organs such as the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Pelvic inflammatory disease also known as PID, is caused by infectious bacteria such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhea and other bacteria. Bacteria that travel from the vagina to the cervix will cause inflammation, pain, damage and…show more content…
Signs and symptoms of PID include pain in the lower abdomen and pelvic area, low back pain, painful intercourse, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, irregular menstrual bleeding, fever, fatigue, and vomiting (Martin, 1999). In addition, women who are experiencing severe signs and symptoms of PID should go to the emergency room for treatment. In order to diagnose pelvic inflammatory disease, a physician will take a history and physical exam, perform a pelvic exam, and obtain cervical cultures, order a complete blood count and urine test. However, your doctor may recommend other diagnostic tests, such as pelvic ultrasound to obtain images of the your reproductive organs, and check for inflammation, endometrial biopsy to examine a piece of uterine lining, and laparoscopy in which the physician inserts a thin, lighted instrument through the abdomen examine the pelvic organs for abscesses (Mayo Clinic staff, 2009). If a physician suspects the patient has PID, the patient will be treated with antibiotics, and pain medication. Also, it is recommended that the patient get bed rest and avoid sexual activity until the infection has cleared. In some cases, surgery may be required to drain abscess. However, for severe infections other procedures may be performed such as surgical removal of the injured ovaries, fallopian tubes or any scar tissue
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