A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen

7379 Words Aug 27th, 2012 30 Pages
Ma. Jennifer S. Yap
Dr. Sherwin Perlas
World Literature
January 14, 2012
A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen
Translated by
Rolf Fjelde
I. Introduction During the late nineteenth century, women were enslaved in their gender roles and certain restrictions were enforced on them by a male dominant culture. Every woman was raised believing that they had neither self-control nor self-government but that they must yield to the control of a stronger gender. John Stuart Mill wrote in his essay, “The Subjection of Women”, that women were, “wholly under the role of men and each private being under the obligation of disobedience to the man with whom she has associated her destiny”. This issue of gender roles in the society propelled to the production of
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It was first published in Copenhagen on December 4, 1879. According to Ibsen’s biographer, C. D. Merriman, A Doll House was based on the life of Laura Kieler. She is a good friend of Ibsen. Much of what happened between Nora and Torvald happened to Laura and her husband, Victor, with the exception of being forged the signature that was the basis of Nora’s loan. He turned this life situation into an aesthetically shaped successful drama. The author’s ingenuity and precise description of social problems have been adored by various critics; let me cite some of them: The critic Erik Bogh admired Ibsen’s originality and technical mastery: “not a single declamatory phrase, no high dramatics, no drop of blood, not even a tear” ( qtd. in Bradford). Georg Brandes, a contemporary critic, said of Ibsen that: “ His progress from one work to the other is not due to a rich variety of themes and ideas, but on the contrary to perpetual scrutiny of the same general questions, regarded from different points of view” (qtd. in Bradford). Furthermore, the play stunned audiences for it criticizes the traditional roles of men and women in nineteenth-century society. To many nineteenth-century Europeans this was scandalous (Bradford). Although the play was stormed with issues, Ibsinite drama influenced other playwrights of his time including George
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