A Experiment On Solid Baking Soda

980 WordsSep 8, 20154 Pages
If 10.0g of solid baking soda is poured into 30 mL of citric acid, then a reaction will occur and an increase in temperature will be observed. Whereas, if a piece of magnesium metal is added to 30 mL of Hydrochloric Acid, then a reaction will occur and an increase in temperature will be observable. For Part 3 of the experiment, if 50 mL of tap water is placed in a can 2.5 cm inches above a burning marshmallow, then through the process of calorimetry the energy content of the marshmallow should be 5.0kJ/g (the value provided by the United States Department of Agriculture). Reactions that give off heat as a product are known as exothermic reactions, whereas reactions that absorb heat are known as endothermic reactions (Van Hecke, 1999). An example of an exothermic reaction would be condensation, in which water loses energy, and an example of an endothermic reaction would be melting, in which water gains energy. These two types of reactions are studied to better understand the properties and future potential of substances. For example, recent studies prove that the addition of endothermic chemicals in fire retardant substances effectively stops fires by rapidly cooling the temperature and preventing and re-ignition (Tripathi, 2008). This is important because determining what reactions are endothermic or exothermic can better improve techniques to prevent disasters such as a fire. If an unknown substance is exothermic, in terms of fire combustibility, adding it to a fire would
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