A Gendered Division Of Emotional Labor

973 WordsNov 17, 20154 Pages
Introduction The purpose of this paper is to evaluate whether there is a gendered division of emotional labor being conducted by teachers working in elementary schools. I will first discuss Arlie Hochschild 's (2012) theory of emotional labor. I will then examine three articles that focus on teachers in the United States and their achieved emotions along with coping strategies. Finally I will assert that gender appears to be a contributing factor in the amount of emotional labor having to be preformed by female teachers in the workplace. This paper argues that female teachers have to preform more emotional labor than their male colleges due to the association that females contain the ideal feminized characteristics of teaching such as being warm and caring. Negative consequences affect a female teachers 's physical and mental health as they continuously have to suppress conflicting emotions such as frustration or disappointment and replace them with socially appropriate emotions according to feeling rules. Part I. Hochschild 's Theory of Emotional Labor Emotional Labor is a term coined by Arlie Hochschild (2012) in The Managed Heart: The Commercialization of Human Feeling as the action of having to controlling one’s emotions and following what she classifies as “feeling rules” for the purpose of getting paid (Hochschild 2012: 7). Feeling rules can be defined as rules that dictate and teach us what feeling is or is not appropriate in a particular social setting
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