The Athenian tragedies have tragic formula where it follows the sequence that runs from koros, hubris, and ate. Tragedy shows the downfall and misfortune events of an individual and it is shown in that pattern of koros, hubris, and ate. Koros is when the character is greedy and then comes hubris as a result of that koros and it is when the character is arrogant. Then, there is ate as a result of that hubris, it is when the character makes rash decisions without thinking about the consequences. We will be investigating the case of Diogeiton from “A Grandfather Turns Embezzler" and how the main character Diogeiton follows the pattern of koros, hubris, and ate.
My grandmother, Anab, used to say that money does not change people, it just unmasks them and shows their true colors. Koros is the act of greed and having enough wealth and power to control other people’s lives. For example, the character Diogeiton from “A Grandfather Turns Embezzler" takes advantage his brother’s trust and steals the inheritance money from his children. Diogeiton fits this part of the pattern as he was described as “greedy” by lying about the amount grandchildrens’ inheritance with no shame (Kebric, 221-222). He did not only lie about the amount of inheritance, but he also lied about his own wealth since he was rich from his brother’s investments. Furthermore, Diogeiton’s new gained wealth benefitted his family where they enjoyed lavish lives while his daughter and his grandchildren were basically homeless. The daughter pleads with him and shares her disappointment by saying, “... now you have children by my stepmother and these are rearing in the enjoyment of all the blessing of wealth… their home with the determination to reduce them from wealth to beggary” (Kebric, 222-223). Utimately, Diogeiton’s koros induced his hubris and costed him his family and wealth.
Hubris is the act of arrogance where the characters’ actions lead to he/she is better than or deserves better than others. Hubris is blinds the characters and they are lose sight of what truly matters. The character Diogeiton from “A Grandfather Turns Embezzler" did follow this pattern. In the case of Diogeiton, the greed lead to arrogance that encouraged him to lie and