A Health Promotion Proposal Is Based On The Health Belief Model ( Hbm )

813 WordsJul 18, 20164 Pages
The theoretical framework of this health promotion proposal is based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). HBM is one of the most commonly used theories to analyze the feasibility, barriers and perceptions of a person in adopting interventions aimed at health promotion and disease prevention (Kim, Ahn, & No, 2012). The four main constructs of the HBM are perceived susceptibility, perceived barriers, perceived benefits, and perceived severity (Yazdanpanah, Forouzani, & Hojjati, 2015). Motivational variables, self-efficacy, and cues to action are the three additional components that can influence an individual’s behavior and decision making. The core propositions of the HBM is that an individual’s adoption of health behavior is influenced by the person’s perception of vulnerability to the disease; belief that the illness can cause serious consequences; perceives that he/she can avoid the occurrence of disease; identifies that the actions taken outweighs the cost; and the trust that he/she can effectively execute the recommended health behavior (Dehghani-Tafti et al., 2015). The HBM is used as a framework to guide this research in order to better understand parental oral health beliefs for their children and to examine if integration of oral health promotion activities into the standard wellness visits can influence the beliefs and behavior of parents. Appropriately enhancing the caregiver’s awareness of oral health problems related to their cultural beliefs and behavior

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