Artillery All firearms larger than small arms are known as artillery or cannon. Although there were dozens of different types of cannon used during the Civil War, they all fell into one of two categories: smoothbore or rifled cannon. They were further designated by the weight of their projectile (12-pounder, 24-pounder, 32-pounder, etc.), the caliber or size of their bore diameter (3-inch, 8-inch, 10-inch), method of loading (breech or muzzle), and often their inventor or the factory in which they were made (i.e. Dahlgren, Napoleon, Rodman, Parrott, Whitworth). A further distinction involved the path of their trajectories: guns had a flat
Even though these aspects describe the ways that change occurred with trade between Afro-Eurasia, one important part did stay the same. North Africa was consistent and always a key part of trade between the continents of Europe, Africa, and Asia. In 300, North Africa was the only area that traded with the Mediterranean. In the time of the gold-salt trade, European venders and Islamic merchants arrived in North Africa. North African merchants still traded even when Europeans started to shift the balance of trade to the Americas starting from the mid-1400s. This is how trade systems between Africa and Europe stayed the same between the years 300-1450.
EFFECTS OF CRUSADES According to an article published in 2009, it is believed that there were a numerous effects of crusades: 1. Senseless Violence and wars The mentality was that Christian crusaders were to Islam/Judaism at any costs. It doesn’t matter even if it was achieved through violence or war. During the course
trade between Africa, Europe, and North America. By trading rum, money and goods were brought
With the ever emerging civilizations in numerous parts of the world, food aided in linking them together. Food-trade routes acted as inter-boundary communication networks that improved not just commercial exchange but religious and cultural exchange as well. Spice routes that spanned the ancient world resulted in cross cultural fertilization in fields which were very diverse, similar then to the fields of architecture, religion and science. The first geographers began to take interest in people and customs from far away places and put together the first efforts at world maps. But by far the biggest change caused by food trade was as a result of the European need to avoid the Arab spice domination. The result of this was the revelation of a new world, the establishment of first colonial outposts by the European nations and the opening of maritime trade routes
The Columbian Exchange: Chocolate During the time frame of 1450-1750, the Columbian Exchange was at its height of power and influence. Many products were introduced from foreign lands, like animals such as cattle, chickens, and horse, and agriculture such as potatoes, bananas, and avocados. Diseases also became widespread and persisted to distant lands where it wreaked devastation upon the non-immunized people. One such influential product during this time period was the cacao, or more commonly known as chocolate. First discovered and used in the Americas, cacao beans quickly traveled to and became a popular treat in European lands. It was valuable in the New World and even used as a currency by the Aztecs. Only the rich and privileged
“Another important trade route known as Incense Route, was controlled by the Arabs, who brought frankincense and myrrh by camel caravan by South Arabia.”(Document D)
spices, creating an economic benefit. Document 4 written by Ralph Fitch, British merchant, describes how the Portuguese use vast amounts of silver from Japan to acquire many goods and items in China, to use to there benefit. Fitch wrote this document to
Ancient Greeks and Romans accessed the Oriental world through the use of weather patterns, ships, and also caravans through the plateau that stretched between the empires. In the summer months it was discovered that monsoons could help the Greeks/Romans get to India. The winds caused by these massive storms also
In 1775, thirteen colonies began a fight for their independence from Britain’s rule. Without formal training in artillery tactics or a proper armament of artillery pieces, early units had to overcome adversity and hardship. But with courage and dedication the artillery and its leadership were able to play
Who Comes with Cannons? Abbey Klappert When Truth Hopkin’s father dies a slow and tragic death of tuberculosis, she goes to live with her uncle and his family on their North Carolina farm. Her mother passed away when she was an infant. So she doesn't remember her at all, not in the
CHARACTERISTICS OF AFRICAN FOOD African foods are Beans, cassava, groundnuts, maize, tomatoes and sweet potatoes thus were introduced to Africa as a direct cause of the European exploring of the American continent. Asian seasonings like pepper, cinnamon, clove, curry and nutmeg were introduced as well.
Petra was the center of trade due to their location. They were in between two commercial trade routes of Asia and Arabia. The people of Petra traded throughout the Silk Road. They traded spices such as, salt and pepper (People). Additionally, precious metals, ivory, textiles such as, cloth and fabric, and incenses such as, frankincense and myrrh were traded as well (People). Today's methods were impacted by these systems as well. Modern trading mostly occurs throughout seas that travel from place to place, or through land. Although the ancient Silk Road used by the Petra people no longer functions, people have copied and improved this strategy for
During the eighth century throughout the late sixteenth century, one trade route entranced everyone involved from the Mediterranean to the Africa’s. The Trans – Saharan Trade was an important trade route that ran across the Sahara between the Mediterranean countries and West Africa. In the beginning stages of the Trans- Saharan trade many small trade routes were being used throughout the period. this is because travelling across the Sahara before the domestication of the camel was difficult. The Trans-Saharan trade route did more than attract traders. This route was an economical boost for many and also connected the West African people with the Mediterranean people.
From 120 BCE to the 16th century, trade was a remarkable part of the Eastern Hemisphere. It played a vital role in the kingdoms and city-states that made up all of what the 21st century calls Europe, Asia, and Africa. Trade was critically important in this time period because of