A Historical Overview of Women's Suffrage Movement in US and Arizona

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A Historical Overview of Women's Suffrage Movement in US and Arizona 1. An Overview Of Women's Suffrage Movement In The United States The women’s suffrage movement achieved victory with the passage of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution in 1920. For the first time in more than 110 years, women were given the right to vote. However, nine states at this time already guaranteed the women’s vote. At this time, all nine states lay west of the Mississippi, (Rothschild, p.8). Indeed, “Although the ideology of suffrage and equal rights was born in the East, the implementation of equal rights came in the West,” (Rothschild, p.9). This is also a reflection of the progressive nature of …show more content…
On the national level, no woman has ever been elected to the presidency or vice-presidency. Only once in the nation’s history has a major political party even nominated a women to the ticket. In 1974, Walter Mondale made New York Congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro his running mate. They lost in one of the worst routs in presidential election history. At the cabinet level, there have been 486 people to have headed a federal department, only 21 have been women, (Gendergap, p.2). The first woman cabinet secretary was Frances Perkins, President Franklin Roosevelt’s Secretary of Commerce, in 1933. Currently, there are three women running cabinet departments, Janet Reno the Attorney General runs the Justice Department, Donna Shalala is the head of Health and Human services, and Madelaine Albright is the secretary of State. Albright is the highest ranking woman in the history of the executive branch. The president is also responsible for the nominations of ambassadors. Helen Eugiene Moore was the first female American ambassador, when in 1949 she was assigned to the Danish Embassy. For the election of 2000, several prominent women have been mentioned as possible presidential or vice-presidential candidates.

Since the election of Jeanete Rankin in 1916 to the US House of Representatives, 196 women have followed suit. This number pales in comparison to the 11,587 people that have served in either the House or Senate, (Gendergap, p2). Of the 197 women, 170