A History of Western Society: Chapter 20 Outline

1694 Words Feb 19th, 2013 7 Pages
Chapter 20: The Changing Life of People

Marriage and Family
Extended and Nuclear Families
Extended family was when one spouse of a new marriage goes to live with the other spouse’s family, opposed to living on their own. a. Provided security for adults and children in traditional agrarian peasant economies.
Nuclear families were when married couples create their own households.
Typically during this time people did not marry young because they could not yet economically support themselves.
Work away from Home
Many young people worked within their families until they could start their own households.
Many boys would often go into apprenticeship in another town for 7 to 18 years. a. Not permitted to marry during this time b.
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The eighteenth Century Enlightenment a. A general growth in humanitarianism and cautious optimism about human potential had occurred. b. “spare the rod and spoil the child” along with other quotes led to the idea of showing greater love and tenderness to your children.
Schools and Popular Literature
Schools and formal education was growing more important a. Schools did not become common until the seventeenth century b. These schools focused on children ages 7-12 who were there taught basic literacy and religion.
The struggle between religions promoted literacy a. Both Protestant and Catholic religions saw reading as means of presenting their teachings more effectively. b. Border areas were pushed most to be literate because there was potential influence by other religions.
Prussia was first to develop a universal education a. Made attendance in elementary school required by law. b. Other countries soon did the same by setting up religious buildings such as parish schools for children of all economic statuses. c. The Church of England established “charity schools” specifically for those children in poverty.
More entertaining writings were created. a. Examples include humors, fairy tales, medieval romances, fictionalized history, and fantastic adventures. b. These writings acted as both an escape from reality and as lessons for readers.
Food and Medical Practice
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