Essay on A History of the Cold War

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“As crossfire raked his body, the second boy fell back onto the strip of now churning sand. Wounded, moaning for help, he lay only 300 yards from a unit of United States troops. But the American commanding general issued orders: ‘Stand fast. Do nothing.’ Fifty-five minutes later Peter Fetcher was dead, and his body was carried away into the recesses of the city from which he had tried to escape.” This excerpt, from The Cold War: From Yalta To Cuba by Robin W. Winks shows how, despite its name, the Cold War was anything but cold. World War II is considered by most experts to have ended in 1945, when the Japanese signed an unconditional surrender to Allied powers. Although World War II ended, the Cold War was just warming up. A …show more content…
The Marshall Plan and Zhadnov Doctrine increased tensions between the US and USSR. The USSR was not as successful as they had hoped in stopping the US from aiding Europe, so in 1948, Stalin ordered the Berlin Blockade. To get around this, Allied suppliers flew in and airdropped supplies to the Berlin citizens. Eventually, Stalin realized he could not keep them out, and ended the blockade in 1949 (Trueman). Next, in an attempt to further unify the Allied powers and make communication between them easier, “Britain, France, the United States, Canada and eight other western European countries signed the North Atlantic Treaty of April 1949, establishing the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)” (Gaddis). The USSR did not join NATO. Furthering the arms race, the USSR detonated their first atomic bomb in August of 1949. The fear of global nuclear warfare made itself more prevalent in the minds of people worldwide. NATO had its first real test in 1950, when North Korean troops unexpectedly attacked South Korea. At this time, North Korea was dominated by the USSR and influenced by Communist ideas, while South Korea followed NATO and US standards. After NATO called for North Korean troops to withdraw and they did not, they sent, with great urging from the United States, troops to aid South Korea in pushing back their enemies. This was successful, until Chinese forces started attacking. Douglas McArthur, the leading general of the NATO forces, had
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