A Lecture On Civil Rights

1958 Words Nov 15th, 2016 8 Pages
In Unit 2 lecture on Civil Rights, I learned there are implemented parameters of laws discriminating against specific groups. (Unit 2 Lecture 1 Video) The Equal Protection CClause fought to end public discrimination, prohibiting “states from denying any person the equal protection of the law.” (Gateways to Democracy, p. 150) Courts decide whether laws or actions violate this clause by determining the government’s reason for passing such a law and the connection to the specific classification. There are three different tests used with three different levels of scrutiny, depending on the classification in question; in descending order, these three are the Strict Scrutiny Test, Intermediate Scrutiny, and Rational Basis test. The level of scrutiny depends on the group’s classification. “Depending upon the group whose right has been violated, the Court sets different standards of how closely it will scrutinize the law alleged to violate equal protection.” (Gateway to Democracy, p. 151)
Strict Scrutiny is used immediately when involving race, national origin, religion, or alienage. The classification in regard to this is called Suspect classifications. Suspect classifications are classes that if discriminated by the government, are deemed unconstitutional; this classification includes a group’s religion, alienage, race, and national origin. In Skinner v. Oklahoma, the Supreme Court presented strict scrutiny as a means of preventing invidious discrimination that subjected…

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