A Look at Human Behavior: Cognitive-Behavioral Frame of Reference

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Human behavior can be perceived through an infinite amount of perspectives; each individual has their own philosophy regarding the topic. The question of why do people do what they do has been around for ages, and when occupational therapist are asked the question often they turn to theories and frames of references for answers. A frame of reference is a “set of internally consistent and related concepts, postulates and principles that could be used to guide practice” (Bruce & Borg, 2007). These frames of references give occupational therapists models to choose from with different philosophies, in order to direct their therapy. Human behavior is primarily influenced by an individual’s beliefs along with their thoughts and cognitive…show more content…
When individuals hold these three states of cognition, they are not as likely to engage in new activities; when one does not have hope for their future, they often believe that new behaviors are be useless to learn. Beck believes that individuals “acquire beliefs or cognitive maps of the world from previous experiences” (Lehmann & Coady, 2001). When individuals acquire these beliefs, they become filters in which information passes. In cognitive therapy, it is assumed that an individual’s beliefs about themselves or others may reflect their skills and environment, but these become distorted reflections of their realities. Behavioral theory is the idea that human behavior can be learned, while learning stems from experience. An individual’s experiences can lead to their behavior. Ivan Pavlov developed the concept of classical conditioning, which helped in developing behavioral theory. Pavlov developed classical condition with experiments run with animals, finding that behavioral responses “can be produced by pairing consequences with stimuli” (Lehmann & Coady, 2001). This idea can be carried over from animals to humans, as noted in individuals suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, who may have physiological or emotional responses from stimuli that remind them of the traumatic event (Lehmann & Coady,

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