In this assignment I shall be comparing Saudi Aramco with two major non-MENA companies. The two non-MENA companies are Shell and BP. The reason as to why I have chosen to compare Saudi Aramco with Shell and BP is because these three companies operate within the same industry therefore I shall be comparing and contrasting them in many similar ways, which you shall see later on.
This document is intended to provide information regarding the purpose of GI Systems and its operating environment. Furthermore, this information sheet will give an idea of the structure, culture and functions of the company.
Maps are extremely important for studying the environment because of their significance with time. They can help explain weather patterns such as water and sun cycles as well understand how these impact upon our environment. Maps can help us understand how earth’s resources are divided amongst space and how these can be better managed. Finally, maps can help us understand the places we live in with regards to the physical features which can help us function more effectively.
For instance, along the coasts of Florida and California there are natural forest fires that regularly occur, and play an essential role to the delicate ecosystems of the forest. These fires control vegetation, for example with the great pine trees common to the Florida area. It also creates a cycle of changing energy in the forest from one state to another, an essential natural cycle (Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services). GIS can help by creating burn boundaries to protect human development while allowing the forest to still preform its natural cycles that are highly important to the ability of the forest to preform ecological restoration within itself. Without GIS, wildfires could easily burn uncontrolled and destroy homes and displace species. As shown in image ____, wildfires that burn uncontrolled threaten coastal developments (Shmuel
GIS or Geographic Information Systems is a software capable of gathering, storing, manipulating and presenting geographic information that its data is identified by its location (Stair & Reynolds, 2012). The company chosen for Rainforest is ESRI; they developed and GIS systems that function as an integral component that fits different type of organizations (ESRI, 2014). The software is designed to gather, analyze and display all types of geographical information. This works by simple five-step (Ask, Acquire, Examine, Analyze and Act) systems that lets any organization apply their GIS software to meet the organization needs that requires a geographic decision. Their GIS location-based analysis and data integration will help our organization supply chain visibility and get a better understanding of production to demand. The best feature of this software is the geographical view of any information management would need from the opening of a new facility to determining how each facility is doing (ESRI,
GIS Analyst is a journey- level professional class requiring the application of a body of GIS theory and principles. The GIS Analyst completes standard professional level work assignments or projects. The position’s duties require interacting with multiple internal and/or external units or individuals to meet work requirements and objectives. The incumbent must have sufficient job content knowledge in the functional area to ensure standards are met. (“Unified Port of San Diego,” 2013)
Various companies, from the large integrated ones, such as Royal Dutch Shell, British Petroleum (BP), Exxon-Mobil, to small exploration and production one like Cairn Energy, operate in the oil and gas industry. Each of these companies faces some financial, commercial or contractual considerations similar throughout the industry, and some peculiar to the area of operation within the industry. Problems within the oil and gas companies have occurred in the past due to askew interests and these problems are likely to occur in the future. Managers within the oil and gas industries requires essential working knowledge of the concepts involved in the decision-making process.
Implementing the GIS is a huge challenge for many multi-national organizations. There are numerous reasons for which a GIS is required, for example, to provide the base IT support in each and every country, where the business units of the organization are located. A properly designed, developed, and implemented GIS helps exchanging information globally, and has also been flexible enough to provide local features and functionalities (Markus, 2007).
GIS can be used be used in managing outdoor infrastructures, natural resources, and assets like cables and piping system installations and vehicles. In construction planning, GIS can be used by facilities and property managers to prevent costly construction delays by knowing the location of utility lines, where environmental clearances or special permits are required, and other projects being facilitated in such locations. With GIS, maintenance staff and ground keepers can work efficiently with an access to an informed operational picture.
In order to represent the spatial information and their attributes, a data model – a set of logical definitions or rules for characterizing the geographical data is adopted. The data model represents the linkages between the real world domain of geographical data and the GIS representation of these features. As a result, the data model not only helps in organizing the real-world geographical features into a systematic storage/retrieval mechanism but also helps in capturing the perception of user about the features. GIS packages differ according to the data structure and adopted data structure defines in-built GIS capabilities and need for customization. How the user would be interacting with the GIS data for retrieval, analysis and modeling is dependant on the structure of storing the data. Raster and vector are two basic data structure data models. How real world variations are captured as vector data and raster data in GIS is represented as figure 4.1.2, each data model tends to fit certain types of applications better than the other.
The information technology in construction has been largely used and evolving itself more and more along the last decades. Nowadays, IT is leading the construction areas for a world of fast changes that seek for better quality in its environment and for people’s life. This quality is being brought in the construction with high performance buildings and sophisticated software variety for a better approach of the environment around by using less, reducing costs and resources. With different types of software solutions available today, the possibilities are reaching higher standards and the applications pointed in this text (BIM and GIS) are one of the main factors in this scenario development.
The authors present an exploratory study using purposive testing among four different groups (scientist, non-scientist, agency manager and social scientist) included in the Coastal Landscape Analysis Modelling Study (CLAMS) in Western Oregon. CLAMS combines remote sensing with web base surveys. It was found that each participant had differing perspectives of the use of GIS to analyse and display natural resource data. For instances scientist believe that there is power in access to privileged knowledge such as data and GIS tools, giving rise to issues concerning credibility of maps produced using GIS as maps tend to be viewed as truth. I find this article beneficial to help build my knowledge of public involvement in Environmental Management and Conservation as many articles I have read are trending towards open source GIS and Public Participation GIS. It is also useful to get a grasp of the pros and cons of this topic.