A Metaphor from Freud’s Psychosexual Stages

682 WordsFeb 23, 20183 Pages
There are many aspects of life that are confusing and difficult to understand. In a human being’s life, a metaphor can bring a topic or idea into a new light and make it more understandable. In this particular article, the author is using Sigmund Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages as a metaphor for a counselor’s development with their clients. The five psychosexual stages are first outlined from the generic standpoint of Freud’s theories. The article then continues to directly compare each stage with the counseling process and exactly how the two processes are similar. Alongside the comparison, the rest of the article outlines how a counselor should interact with their client. An overview of the psychosexual stages is critical to understand the connection between the stages and counseling (Garcia, 1995). The five psychosexual stages in Freud’s order are the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages. Beginning with the oral stage, Freud’s theory describes the sexual development of an infant. This development is constructed with assistance from the infant’s mouth, hence the “oral stage”. An infant will place objects in their mouth to identify what it is. From this point, the infant will then rationalize if the object is acceptable and desirable or if it is undesirable. If the object is pleasurable, the infant will keep it in its mouth or eat it, if the object is edible. An infant will spit out any object it may render to be unpleasurable. This is the main idea of the
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