A Moratorium On Federal Funding

Decent Essays
The Department of Health and Human Services maintained a moratorium on federal funding for research on embryos and fetuses, as well as in vitro fertilization, until President Clinton issued an executive order lifting it in 1993 (Scott p.153). However, Congress banned federal funding for human embryo research by adding legislation known as the Dickey-Wicker Amendment to every appropriations bill for the National Institutes of Health since 1995, making it impossible for the President to overturn the ban without also cutting the cash flow to the NIH (Scott p.154). This restriction remains in place today. On August 9, 2001, President Bush “clarifies which human embryonic stem cells can be used under federal funding rules” by stating that any lines derived from excess IVF blastocysts before his announcement are eligible for grants (Hopkins 2005). Then in 2009, President Obama lifted the 'made-before ' restriction for stem cell lines but maintained the ban on creation and destruction of embryos for research purposes ( 2009). With all these restrictions and complications, many scientists started to consider moving their research to countries with more liberal stem cell policies, such as Australia, Japan, and the United Kingdom. To combat this potential brain drain and create jobs within their own borders, states began to enact laws promoting stem cell research. Most notable is California, who in 2004 pledged to spend $3 billion on stem cell research, and gave it
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