A Natural Setting Using Images Aid Memory Recall

1432 Words Feb 26th, 2016 6 Pages
Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate in a natural setting whether images aid memory recall as did Bower in 1972. There are two conditions; condition 1 involving a grid of random words supported by images and condition 2 consisting only of random words. 6 participants were used for this research study, 4 were males and 2 were females aged from 23 - 40 gained through opportunity sampling. There were two groups/conditions of 3 (2 males, 1 female). The independent variables were materials for each condition (random words with images and words without images). The dependent was the recall from each participant.
The results measured using central tendency and measures of dispersion, moderately showed participants were able to recall more words in condition 1 words with images than of condition 2 words without images.
From the results of the study it can be concluded that there is evidence to illustrate that people do remember more with the aid of visual representation and also evidence to illustrate people remember more without any visual representation. Implications for further research is the effects of gender recall and discover if there is a significant effect for the sex of a participant on the types of gender associated images recalled and to compare the effects of visual and semantic codes in depth.

Introduction
This experiment will investigate the effects of words and words with imagery on memory recall.
Memory is the process by which we retain…
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