A New Concept Of Indonesian Domestic Worker

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Indonesian Migrants’ Writing: Crossing Borders and Proposing a New Concept of Indonesian Domestic Worker
Introduction
Within these past few years, Indonesian domestic workers (hereafter IDWs) have caught people’s attention with the publication of their novels, short stories, and poetries. The emergence of Sastra Buruh Migran (migrant workers’ literature), a genre which refers to the creative writing of IDWs who work in countries such as Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Singapore (Retnaningdyah 23), apparently has challenged the negative labels which IDWs have endured. In their homeland, IDWs suffer from bad stereotyping: domestic workers are nothing but physical workers who have to operate for a meagre salary, in often bad conditions. As domestic work is not considered as a formal employment, this means exclusion from the national labor legislation (Factsheet). Similarly, in her ethnographic research on Latina domestic worker, Hondagneu-Sotelo asserts that people perceive paid domestic worker as ‘under the table’ economy because this particular work “takes place in a private home” (9). Also, in the context of transnational labor market, such perception still applies for the foreign migrant workers. In IDWs case, while facing marginalization in a multiple sense, they are no stranger to stereotypes like “uncivilized and stupid” simply because of their “short of English skills” and lacking “sufficient knowledge and experience to handle housework in a modern household” (Lan in Loveband
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