A New Paradigm Substance Use Disorder Treatment

1656 Words Nov 16th, 2015 7 Pages
Remission a new paradigm in Substance Use Disorder Treatment

Addiction treatment is a complex and paradoxical issue. Despite the fact that most of the medical and academic institutions define addiction as a chronic brain disease, it is too often treated on an acute basis. Chronic conditions are defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as requiring ongoing management over a period of years or decades and cover a wide range of health problems. The goals of chronic care are not to cure, but to enhance functional status, minimize distressing symptoms, prolong life through secondary prevention and enhance quality of life.
As for other chronic diseases requiring a continuum of care, the expectations that addiction can respond to a single, acute and short-term treatment, seem fairly unrealistic. Therefore the use of an acute definition (such as cured) to measure the impact of a treatment can also be considered as inappropriate. A more relevant evaluation of the efficacy of an addiction treatment could be to measure how long a person stay symptoms-free with good functional status, or in complete remission (All signs of the disease are gone, but that doesn 't mean that the disease is cured).
Over the past 30 years "harm reduction" has played an increasingly prominent and explicit role in substance use policy and intervention, especially in Western Europe, Canada and Australia. A large number of actions have been implemented to deal with the threats to public health associated…
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