A New Zealand Health Issue : Teen Pregnancies

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Analyse a New Zealand health issue: Teen Pregnancies

A health issue is something that affects the well-being of groups or populations in a way that causes (public) concern. In this report I will be discussing why teenage pregnancy is a health issue in New Zealand and how it links to all the determinants of health which are influenced from teen pregnancy and parenthood. I am going to be discussing three determinants of health, these being; cultural, economic and social determinants of health. I will also be including implications and strategies related to teenage pregnancy and motherhood. We can see that there is a health issue when health statistics identify that the problem is affecting not only an individual but also the wider society.
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Cultural determinants are related to this New Zealand teen pregnancy and parenthood issue because it is known that the Maori and pacific women have larger families than Europeans. The Maori fertility rate is specifically three times more than Europeans and of this Maori teenagers that become pregnant are also less likely to have an abortion compared to Europeans, which means more people going on the benefit and affecting the wider society as a whole. According to Statistics NZ, Maori teenagers have the highest fertility rate, this in fact being “70 per 1000 in the years of 2000 to 2002” and the European rate being “22 per 1000 in the years of 2000 to 2002”. A reason for this is because some Maori families hold a different attitude and have different views towards teenage pregnancy and motherhood. Generally raising a family is highly valued in the Maori culture, so if a teenager was to fall pregnant and have the baby, the baby will be cared for by other family members and there would be a high amount of support compared to neglect or disappointment.
The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources at global, national and local levels. Social determinants relate to this issue because it is one of the key things that is influencing teen pregnancy and/or parenthood. It has been
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