A Person 's Normal Ph Range

971 Words Feb 22nd, 2016 4 Pages
A person’s normal pH range is between 7.35 and 7.45. (Tortora, G., Derrickson, B. H. ,2014-01-22). This range is important for the body to function properly. There certain conditions that can cause the pH range to fluctuate. Acidosis is a condition in which the blood pH is below 7.35 and alkalosis is a condition in which the blood pH is higher than 7.45. Significant changes in pH range can affect cellular function and possibly lead to death. “Your blood needs the right balance of acid and basic (alkaline) compounds to function properly”. (George, K., 2013)
Respiratory acidosis is a condition that happens when there is too much carbon dioxide in the lungs. When this happens, the blood becomes too acidic. People with respiratory acidosis will have a pH less than 7.35 with a PaCO2 greater than 45mm HG. (sitelms.org) This particular form of acidosis can be caused by diseases of the airways, lungs, and chest. It can also be caused by diseases that may affect the nerves and muscles that tell the lungs to inflate or deflate. Certain narcotics may cause this to happen as well. If respiratory acidosis does not become too severe the kidneys will help to raise the blood pH to the normal range. The kidneys increase the amount of hydrogen it releases and the reabsorption of bicarbonate. When medical treatment is necessary, it is usually aimed at the underlying disease, or cause of the condition. (.nlm.nih.gov, 2016) Bronchodilator drugs may be prescribed to help reverse some types of…
Open Document