A Pressure Ulcer Is A Localized Injury Involving Extended

881 WordsMar 5, 20174 Pages
A pressure ulcer is a localized injury involving extended pressure against the skin and underlying tissue. Pressure ulcers are common hospital acquired conditions and can worsen if proper care is not provided. The higher the pressure is exerted on the skin, the quicker a pressure ulcer will form. It is important for healthcare providers to be very familiar with the guidelines that prevent and treat pressure ulcers. Even though pressure ulcers occur, these injuries are 100% preventable with the correct nursing care. The clinical practice guideline I chose was developed by three organizations. These organizations are called the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel and lastly, Pan Pacific Pressure…show more content…
Nurses should also inspect the heels of a patient carefully. If a patient is using a medical device, it is crucial to provide effective and safe teaching about rotating and repositioning the medical device (EPUAP, NPUAP, & PPPIA, 2014). The medical device must be the correct size and fit for the patient so that the degree of pressure or possible damage to the skin is decreased (EPUAP, NPUAP, & PPPIA, 2014). This will help in preventing medical device related pressure ulcers. Repositioning is also an essential recommendation for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers. It is important to determine the repositioning frequency based on the patient’s “tissue tolerance, level of activity and mobility, general medical condition, overall treatment objectives, skin condition and comfort” (EPUAP, NPUAP, & PPPIA, 2014). Repositioning initiates pressure relief and pressure redistribution. When repositioning, “the patient should not be positioned on bony prominences with existing non-blanchable erythema” (EPUAP, NPUAP, & PPPIA, 2014). Shear and friction must be avoided. Lift the patient’s body, avoid external pressure and limit seating time. If the patient is in bed, have them lay in a “30 degree tilted side-lying position and if he or she is a bedrest patient, raise the head of bed to 30 degrees” (EPUAP, NPUAP, & PPPIA, 2014). Even if the patient is

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