A Prosecutor On Civil Law System

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A-Prosecutor in civil law system
The Public Prosecution has two major functions, which are to file criminal actions when acting as public prosecutors before a criminal court and the right to initiate actions even if the plaintiff has relinquished his right to do so, public prosecutors exanimate crimes, visit crimes’ scenes, question the accused, issue search warrants, and order the imprisonment of the accused on the account of a crime for a period of fifteen days prior to trial or prosecution. Moreover, joining the public prosecution is the way to becoming a judge in the Court of First Instance, the Court of Appeal, and the Court of Cassation. Nevertheless, some members of the Public Prosecution remain within the latter and get promoted to District Attorneys, Attorney Generals, and potentially qualify for the post of the Head of the Public Prosecution.

Prosecutor has different role and position in those countries that they practice civil law system. Contrary to the sitting judges who are totally independent, public prosecutors are under the authority of the minister of justice, the minister of justice conducts the policy of prosecution determined by the Government. The public prosecutors are considered to embody one single person since they act in the name of the prosecution service as a whole. As a consequence, the members of the Public Prosecutors Office can replace each other mutually, including during the judgment phase of a case, the
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