A Psycholinguistic Approach to Mental Lexicon

2039 WordsJun 23, 20189 Pages
Introduction The study of the mental lexicon deals with how words are acquired, comprehended, organized, stored, retrieved, and produces. The term “mental lexicon” is used interchangeably with what some scholars refer to as “internal lexicon” (Bonin, 2004). It involves the different processes and activations done in the brain in order to store the words and form an internal memory which functions as a mental dictionary. Psychologist and linguists who are concerned with this study believe that words are stored in relation to their phonological, semantic, syntactic and even orthographical features. Early studies in this field were established by the end of the 1960s. The major focus of the studies was on the comprehension and…show more content…
This assumption is backed by the knowledge that the mind recalls words in a quick and organized manner. The second hypothesis was supported by many approaches which generated eight models of how the mental lexicon is created in the mind. These models are “the hierarchical model, the semantic feature model, the spreading activation model and the adaptive character of thought model, the computational and statistical model, and word-net model” (262-270). According to the Hierarchical Network Model words are organized as a network of words and all the meanings that they generate. Every word has an entry which relates it to other words and other concepts. The major words work as nodes in this model which have many associations with other nodes. This model is organized in a hierarchy which classifies major concepts and their sub categories in graded associations. On the other hand, according to the Semantic Feature Comparison model, the word are saved in the mind as sets which has elements that are associated with other elements in different sets. For example, under the word book, elements such as author, title, chapters, introduction, etc., are saved in our mind as subsets and sets of other elements. The elements have subsets which are defining and characterizing. These defining features can be shared by more than one element and therefore, different sets and elements are related to each other. The third is the spreading
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