A Public Health Successes From Any Country

983 WordsApr 2, 20154 Pages
Select and describe two known public health successes (from any country). Compare and contrast how the strategies used to address these two issues have changed over the last 50 years. Answer: Topic 1: Control of Tuberculosis in India. Tuberculosis is one of the most fasted growing diseases in India. India has number of cases of tuberculosis around 2.2 million. It is projected that approximately 40% of Indian population is become a victim of tuberculosis. However, India has taken many positive steps to control tuberculosis since 20 years and it was succeed. Indian government has started one program, which was Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) in 1993. They used five basic drugs, which called first line TB drug. It was Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Pyrazinamide, Ethambutol, and Streptomycin. By using these drugs, RNTCP achieved 88% of success rate in 2010. Indian government also provide all TB drugs in free of coast. http://www.tbfacts.org/tb-india.html http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3125027/ Topic 2: Prevention and control of HIV in India. The first HIV case was diagnosed in south India before more than 20 years. HIV is serious public health problem among the all age group people. According to National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO), projected incidence at around 0.36 percentage. Approximately 2 million to 3.1 million people infected by HIV in India. There are many programmes run by Indian government to control HIV such as Condom Programming,
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